This shows grade level based on the words complexity.

This shows grade level based on the words complexity.


a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory.

a quantity of something accumulated, as for future use: a stock of provisions.

Theater. a stock company: a job in summer stock.


  1. the outstanding capital of a company or corporation.
  2. the shares of a particular company or corporation.
  3. the certificate of ownership of such stock; stock certificate.
  4. (formerly) a tally or stick used in transactions between a debtor and a creditor.


  1. Also called understock. in grafting, a stem in which the bud or scion is inserted.
  2. a stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings; stock plant.

the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant, as distinguished from roots and branches.

the type from which a group of animals or plants has been derived.

a species or other related group of animals or plants.

the person from whom a given line of descent is derived; the original progenitor.

Anthropology. a line of descent or lineage; a racial or ethnic group.

Linguistics. a category consisting of language families that, because of resemblances in grammatical structure and vocabulary, are considered likely to be related by common origin.Compare family (def. 16), phylum (def. 2).

any grouping of related languages.

the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.


  1. the wooden or metal piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a rifle are attached.
  2. a part of an automatic weapon, as a machine gun, similar in position or function.

the trunk or stump of a tree, left standing.

a dull or stupid person.

something lifeless or senseless.

the main upright part of anything, especially a supporting structure.


  1. a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles and, sometimes, the wrists, used to expose an offender to public derision.Compare pillory (def. 1).
  2. a frame in which a horse or other animal is secured in a standing position for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.
  3. the frame on which a boat rests while under construction.


  1. a vertical shaft forming part of a rudder and controlling the rudders movement.
  2. a transverse piece of wood or metal near the ring on some anchors.

the metal or wooden body of a carpenters plane.


  1. material being smelted in a blast furnace.
  2. a metal piece to be forged.


  1. a specified quality or kind of paper: glossy stock; card stock; offset stock.
  2. the paper for printing a particular job: We dont have enough stock for that large a run.

the raw material from which something is made.

Cooking. the liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, fish, chicken, etc., with or without vegetables or seasonings, and used especially as a foundation for soups and sauces.

any of several plants belonging to the genus Matthiola, of the mustard family, especially M. incana, having fragrant white, blue, purple, reddish, or yellowish flowers.

a rhizome or rootstock.

Zoology. a compound organism, as a colony of corals.

a collar or a neckcloth fitting like a band around the neck.

Cards. the portion of a pack of cards that, in certain games, is not dealt out to the players, but is left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.

an adjustable wrench for holding dies for cutting screws.

Roman Catholic Church. one of a set of three metal containers for holy oil.

Geology, Mining. an irregular igneous intrusion, usually an offshoot of a batholith, often mineralized.

Archaic. a stocking.

Obsolete. the frame of a plow to which the share, handles, etc., are attached.


kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale; staple; standard: stock articles.

having as ones job the care of a concerns goods: a stock clerk.

of the common or ordinary type; in common use: a stock argument.

banal; commonplace: a stock remark.

pertaining to or designating the breeding and raising of livestock: stock farming.

Southern U.S. (chiefly Southern Appalachian and South Atlantic States). (of farm animals) being a fully grown male: a stock hog.

of or relating to the stock of a company or corporation: a stock report.


  1. pertaining to a stock company.
  2. appearing together in a repertoire, as a company.
  3. forming part of a repertoire, as a play.
  4. being a character type fixed by convention, as in the commedia dell-arte, a harlequinade, minstrel show, or the like.

Informal. of, relating to, or characteristic of a stock car.

verb (used with object)

to furnish with a stock or supply.

to furnish with stock, as a farm with horses, cattle, etc.

to lay up in store, as for future use.

to fasten to or provide with a stock, as a rifle, plow, bell, anchor, etc.

to put in the stocks as a punishment.

verb (used without object)

to lay in a stock of something (often followed by up).



Prove that nothing is amiss with your vocabulary skills by taking this quiz on popular eighth grade vocabulary.

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Idioms about stock

    in stock, on hand for use or sale: There are no more blue skirts in stock.

    on the stocks,

    1. under construction, as especially a ship.
    2. in progress or preparation: a new novel on the stocks.

    out of stock, lacking a supply of, especially temporarily: We are out of stock in this item.

    take / put stock in, to put confidence in or attach importance to; believe; trust: Considering his general unreliability, I cant take stock in what he has told you.

    take stock,

    1. to make an inventory of stock on hand.
    2. to make an appraisal of resources or prospects: She took stock of her decorating scheme and decided it was time for a change.

Origin of stock

before 900; (noun) Middle English; Old English stoc(c) stump, stake, post, log; cognate with German Stock,Old Norse stokkr tree-trunk; (v.) derivative of the noun


stocklike, adjectivede·stock, verb (used with object)non·stock, noun, adjectivepre·stock, noun, verb (used with object)

substock, nounun·stocked, adjectivewell-stocked, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

How to use stock in a sentence

  • The stock closed at $253, more than double the $120 the price at which the company and its bankers initially valued them.

  • Taking the company public in 2012 at a valuation of about $2 billion, ServiceNow today has a stock market value of almost $90 billion.

  • As for value stocks, investors are getting the message on that front too.

  • The worst crash in the company’s stock was a plunge of almost 95%.

  • Nikolas stock lost 11 percent on Thursday and is down an additional 15 percent in Friday morning trading.

  • In our headlong quest for a legally perfect society, we don’t take the time to take stock of what‘s been created so far.

  • If his 20s were about traveling and his 30s “about taking stock,” he hopes his 40s will be about “building and expanding.”

  • The obnoxious meddling journalist is a stock character in fiction.

  • On Friday, the stock market hit new highs—even as wages were stagnating.

  • Yes, the stock market is booming but overwhelmingly Americans are unhappy with their economic situation—and for good reason.

  • Neither privately owned nor government stock is entitled to voting power.

  • I didnt take much stock in the yarn at the time, but Im beginning to think he had it straight.

  • One day she had heard a man say, If there is a drought we shall have the devil to pay with our stock before winter is over.

  • Cotton exchanges reopened on November 16, and stock exchanges opened for restricted trading shortly thereafter.

  • The white ranchmen in the valley were all fencing in their lands; no more free running of stock.

British Dictionary definitions for stock


  1. (sometimes plural) the total goods or raw material kept on the premises of a shop or business
  2. (as modifier)a stock clerk; stock book

a supply of something stored for future usehe keeps a good stock of whisky


  1. the capital raised by a company through the issue and subscription of shares entitling their holders to dividends, partial ownership, and usually voting rights
  2. the proportion of such capital held by an individual shareholder
  3. the shares of a specified company or industry
  4. (formerly) the part of an account or tally given to a creditor
  5. the debt represented by this

standing or status

  1. farm animals, such as cattle and sheep, bred and kept for their meat, skins, etc
  2. (as modifier)stock farming

the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant


  1. a rooted plant into which a scion is inserted during grafting
  2. a plant or stem from which cuttings are takenSee also rootstock

the original type from which a particular race, family, group, etc, is derived

a race, breed, or variety of animals or plants

(often plural) a small pen in which a single animal can be confined

a line of descent

any of the major subdivisions of the human species; race or ethnic group

the part of a rifle, sub-machine-gun, etc, into which the barrel and firing mechanism is set: held by the firer against the shoulder

the handle of something, such as a whip or fishing rod

the main body of a tool, such as the block of a plane

(formerly) the part of a plough to which the irons and handles were attached

the main upright part of a supporting structure

a liquid or broth in which meat, fish, bones, or vegetables have been simmered for a long time

film material before exposure and processing


  1. a portion of metal cut from a bar upon which a specific process, such as forging, is to be carried out
  2. the material that is smelted in a blast furnace

Also called: gillyflower any of several plants of the genus Matthiola, such as M. incana and M. bicornis (evening or night-scented stock), of the Mediterranean region, cultivated for their brightly coloured flowers: Brassicaceae (crucifers)

Virginian stock a similar and related North American plant, Malcolmia maritima

a long usually white neckcloth wrapped around the neck, worn in the 18th century and as part of modern riding dress

cards a pile of cards left after the deal in certain games, from which players draw

  1. the repertoire of plays available to a repertory company
  2. (as modifier)a stock play

(on some types of anchors) a crosspiece at the top of the shank under the ring

the centre of a wheel

an exposed igneous intrusion that is smaller in area than a batholith

a log or block of wood

in stock

  1. stored on the premises or available for sale or use
  2. supplied with goods of a specified kind

out of stock

  1. not immediately available for sale or use
  2. not having goods of a specified kind immediately available

take stock

  1. to make an inventory
  2. to make a general appraisal, esp of prospects, resources, etc

take stock in to attach importance to


staple, standardstock sizes in clothes

(prenominal) being a cliché; hackneyeda stock phrase


(tr) to keep (goods) for sale

(intr; usually foll by up or up on) to obtain a store of (something) for future use or saleto stock up on beer

(tr) to supply with live animals, fish, etcto stock a farm

(intr) (of a plant) to put forth new shoots

(tr) obsolete to punish by putting in the stocks

Derived forms of stock

stocker, noun

Word Origin for stock

Old English stocc trunk (of a tree), stem, stick (the various senses developed from these meanings, as trunk of a tree, hence line of descent; structures made of timber; a store of timber or other goods for future use, hence an aggregate of goods, animals, etc); related to Old Saxon, Old High German stock stick, stump

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for stock

The trunk or main stem of a tree or another plant.

A plant or stem onto which a graft is made.

A plant or tree from which cuttings and scions are taken.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cultural definitions for stock

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Other Idioms and Phrases with stock

see in stock; lock, stock, and barrel; make a laughing stock of; take stock; take stock in.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

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